Queens immigrants said that the arrests, which followed shortly after Trump's travel ban that has been halted for now by a federal appellate court, have left them fearful of the president's next move.
Officers now have wide ranging authority to identify and deport not only undocumented immigrants convicted of crimes, but also those who are not charged but are believed to have committed "acts that can be regarded as a chargeable criminal offence".
Agents were urged to exercise caution when detaining immigrants with USA citizen children, family members of military personnel, and people who otherwise have longstanding ties to their communities. The Department of Homeland Security later said that other operations were held in at least a dozen states, with the number of arrested totaling more than 680.
"I am working with my constituents and the immigrant community to ensure they know their rights", Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard, D-Commerce, said.
"ICE is not supposed to conduct enforcement in sensitive locations like congregations, and so by holding an interfaith service it's really claiming that space as holy ground, as sacred space and ICE therefore should not be doing a raid", he said.
More than 1,000 people volunteered to respond to raids, said Pedemonti.
There is "widespread anxiety regarding potential changes to immigration policy", according to Alex Leung, director of finance and operations at Instawork, which has teamed up with Oakland-based attorney Veronica Guinto to offer bilingual presentations explaining, among other things, President Trump's executive orders and immigration law enforcement.
Level one included threats to national security, border security and public safety, which include removable migrants who have been convicted of a felony.
ICE did not release the names of most of the 41 New Yorkers who were detained, nor would the agency provide information as to where the arrests were made in the five boroughs.
Stowell, a volunteer who teaches English-as-Second-Language classes at York County Prison, said she has had a long-time interest protecting both documented and undocumented immigrants in the York County community. John Kelly said was a routine part of operations to arrest criminals that have been going on for years. "We wanted to show our community that we don't stand alone and we will do anything it takes to bring peace to this community".
"People are afraid to travel around the city", Fiona Zhao of the MinKwon Center for Community Action advocacy group in Flushing told the Chronicle.
"This was not happening under the Obama Administration", Flores said.
Through the enforcement executive orders, this new administration has given ICE agents carte blanche to instill terror into immigrant communities.
His lawyers have denied he is a gang member. "That approach is totally counterproductive - we should be putting maximum law enforcement resources toward getting unsafe criminals out of our communities".