Google Doodle honors biochemist Har Gobind Khorana
Jan 09 2018 by Kathy Alvarado
Har Gobind Khorana, an Indian-American scientist has been honoured by Google Doodle on his 96th birth anniversary. "Scholarships helped propel the budding scientist through his scholastic journey, obtaining his doctorate in organic chemistry in 1948", noted Google.
A career at prominent universities gave Khorana the ability to conduct world-changing research. Khorana was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley in 1968.
Uncertain of his own birthdate (he guessed it was January 9), Khorana was the fifth child born to a Hindu family in 1922 in Raipur, a 100-person village in the Punjab region of what is now Pakistan.
"Together, they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built". Dr. Khorana got hold of a degree in Punjab University in Lahore and resided in British India till 1945 then he moved to England for his higher studies in the Ph.D programme at the University of Liverpool. Proteins are responsible for basic form and functions.
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Khorana did not stop at this. He lived in India until 1945 when he was awarded a Government of India Fellowship, which allowed him to travel to the United Kingdom and study for a Ph.D at the University of Liverpool. The Nobel Prize-winner is known for constructing the first synthetic gene. Khorana also became an expert on the chemical synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids.
In 1976, they completed the synthesis of the first fully functional manmade gene in a living cell.