Google honours British chemist Perkin with sketch doodle on his 180th birthday

Sir William Henry Perkin Google Doodle Honours Chemist Who Accidentally Discovered Synthetic Dye

Google has honored chemist Sir William Henry Perkin on his 180th birthday with a purple-filled doodle.

Designed by UK-based illustrator, Sonny Ross, the doodle leads to a search for "Sir William Henry Perkin" and highlights the purple-colored fabrics made possible by Perkin's dye.

Wikipedia said "through failing in trying to synthesise quinine for the treatment of malaria, he became successful in the field of dyes after his first discovery at the age of 18".

Sir William Perkin was born in the East End to a carpenter father and Scottish mother, and he was the youngest of seven children.

He got into the Royal College of Chemistry when he was just 15 and his potential was spotted by German chemist August von Hofmann who made Perkin his assistant.

Purple clothing was in style at the time of Perkin's synthetic dye discovery in 1856, which changed the world of fashion.

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The logo letters of Google are filled with purple colour.

Following his invention, Perkins quickly focused on the patenting, manufacturing and commercialisation of this purple dye.

Furthermore, the colour purple had been a signifier of aristocracy, prestige and even royalty since ancient times, and it had been especially expensive and hard to produce as the requisite dye, Tyrian purple, since it was made from the glandular mucus of certain molluscs. Chemist Perkin is credited with accidentally discovering "mauveine", the first synthetic dye.

Perkin gained fame, popularity and wealth with this discovery in the manfacturing dye.

The scientist died in 1907 of pneumonia and other medical repercussions of a burst appendix.

Aniline red, aniline black and aniline magenta were subsequent colors Perkin went on to discover and patent through his research.